تأثیرگذاری پاورپوینت:چشم اندازی بصری به معناسازی در استراتژی

نوع مقاله : ترجمه

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت اجرایی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت بازرگانی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی تهران

چکیده

براساس داده های قوم نگاری از دو طرح مشاوره ای نتیجه می گیریم که استراتژیست ها از سه سازوکار بصری (نمایش، هم جواری و برجستگی) در ساخت اسلایدهای پاورپوینت استفاده می کنند. این سازوکارهای بصری ازطریق برانگیختن گفت و گوها و درنهایت با خلق وضوح استراتژیک موجب معناسازی می شوند. هنگامی که شرکت کنندگان به تصاویر واکنش نشان می دهند، استراتژی را به شکل اصلاح شده تفسیر می کنند که این تصویر پژواک استراتژیک را منعکس می کند. در این پژوهش، براساس تعامل بین این سه خرده فرایند (سازوکار های بصری، وضوح استراتژیک و پژواک استراتژیک)، مدلی فرایندی را به منظور درک چگونگی تأثیرگذاری تصاویر در معناسازی در تعاملات استراتژی بیان می کنیم و با تبیین چگونگی تأثیرگذاری تصاویر در پدید آمدن تعابیر متفاوت از یک استراتژی و خلق ادراک جدید، به مطالعات موجود در حوزۀ اجرا و فرایند استراتژی کمک می کنیم؛ به ویژه هنگامی که موضوعات از لحاظ سیاسی حساس یا از لحاظ تحلیلی پیچیده اند. هدف از این پژوهش شناخت روش استفادۀ استراتژیست ها از اطلاعات بصری (به شکل خاص در اسلایدهای پاورپوینت) و تأثیر آن در فرایند استراتژی است. گفت وگو دربارۀ استراتژی تحت تأثیر فنونی است که استراتژیست ها در ساخت اسلایدها به کار می برند، فنونی که نوع اقدامات پیگیری را شکل می دهند. یافته ها همچنین حاکی از آن است که: الف) طراحی اسلایدهای پاورپوینت می تواند در بررسی موضوعات پیچیده مؤثر باشد؛ برای نمونه در موقعیت های حساس سیاسی یا هنگامی که شرکت کنندگان دیدگاه های متفاوتی دارند؛ ب) کسانی که اسلایدهای پاورپوینت را تدوین و ویرایش می کنند به شدت در جهت گیری استراتژی تأثیر می گذارند. بنابراین، به کارگیری ماهرانۀ پاورپوینت در شکل دهی ماهیت و سرعت تعاملات استراتژی به دست مدیران بسیار مهم است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Power of PowerPoint: A Visual Perspective on Meaning Making in Strategy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Daniali 1
  • Amirhossein Tayebi Abolhasani 2
1 MSc. of EMBA, University of Tehran
2 PhD. Student of Business Management, Allameh Tabatabaii University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Relying on ethnographic data from two consulting engagements, we find that strategists use three visual mechanisms (depiction, juxtaposition, and salience) to create PowerPoint slides. These visual mechanisms prompt meaning-making through the conversations they stimulate, creating strategic visibility. As participants react to visuals, they enact revised interpretations of the strategy, reflecting strategic resonance. Based on the interactions among these three subprocesses (visual mechanisms, strategic visibility, and strategic resonance), we develop a process model for how visuals influence meaning making in strategy engagements. We contribute to existing strategy practice and process studies by explaining how visuals help broker divergent interpretations of a strategy and give rise to new understandings, especially when issues are politically sensitive or analytically complex. Managerial Summary: The purpose of this study is to understand how strategists use visual information (specifically in PowerPoint slides), and its effects on the strategy process. We find that strategy conversations are influenced by the techniques strategists use to create slides, which in turn shape the kinds of follow-up actions taken. The implications are that: (a) PowerPoint slides can be designed to help tackle complex issues, for instance, when participants have divergent opinions or in politically sensitive situations, and (b) those who craft and edit PowerPoint slides strongly influence the direction of the strategy. The skillful use of PowerPoint is therefore crucial in allowing managers to shape the nature and speed of strategy engagements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • PowerPoint
  • strategy consulting
  • strategy as practice
  • Strategy process
  • visual semiotics
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