توانمندسازی تامین کنندگان در تدارکات عمومی نوآوری

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده مدیریت، اقتصاد و مهندسی پیشرفت، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی پژوهشکده سیاست گذاری دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

3 دانشجوی دکتری سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری دانشکده مدیریت، اقتصاد و مهندسی پیشرفت، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

چکیده

تدارکات عمومی (حامی) نوآوری سیاستی است که به دلیل سهم قابل توجه خریدهای دولت‌ها از اقتصادهای ملّی، از اوایل قرن بیست و یکم مورد توجه کشورهای توسعه‌یافته به خصوص اروپا قرار گرفته است. این سیاست نوآوری طرف تقاضا با وجود جذابیت‌هایی که دارد بسیار اندک مورد توجه کشورهای در حال توسعه و کمتر توسعه یافته قرار گرفته است که یک دلیل آن اقتضائات و نیازهای متفاوت این کشورهاست. از جمله اهمّ این اقتضائات توانمندی ناکافی تامین‌کنندگان است. این مقاله مروری با ارائه 1) مبانی نظری مطالعات توانمندسازی تامین‌کنندگان و سیاست تدارکات عمومی نوآوری، و 2) بررسی پژوهش‌های صورت گرفته، و 3) بررسی علم‌سنجی مقدماتی آثار علمی در این دو حوزه سعی دارد شمایی کلی از مطالعات مربوطه ارائه دهد. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهند که هر دو حوزه با قلّت و پراکندگی آثار علمی مواجهند. کشورهای پیشرفته – احتمالاً به دلیل اینکه توانمندسازی تامین‌کنندگان در مقایسه با توسعه نوآوری هدف اصلی آنها نیست- توانمندسازی تامین‌کنندگان را به عنوان هدفی فرعی و تبعی از سیاست تدارکات عمومی نوآوری در نظر می‌گیرند که در طی مسیر توسعه نوآوری خودبه‌خود رخ می‌دهد. این در حالیست که کشورهای در حال توسعه نیازمند هدفگذاری عامدانه بر روی این نیاز خود طی اهرم کردن تدارکات عمومی هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Suppliers' Capability-Building in Public Procurement of Innovation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Bonyadi Naeini 1
  • Ali Maleki 2
  • Najmoddin Yazdi 3
1 Faculty member of The School of Management, Economics and Progress Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST)
2 Faculty member at The Sharif Policy Research Institute (SPRI), Sharif University of Technology
3 PhD Student of Science and Technology Policy, School of Management, Economics and Progress Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST)
چکیده [English]

PPI is an innovation policy that industrialized countries have studied since the early twenty-first century because to the large contribution of government purchases to their national economies. Despite its attraction, this demand-side innovation policy has failed to capture the attention of emerging and less developed countries, owing to their demands and circumstances being distinct from those of developed ones. One of these conditions is insufficient supplier capability. This review paper examined 1) the theoretical underpinnings of supplier capability development and public procurement of innovation, 2) the body of existing research, and 3) conducted an introductory scientometric analysis of these two literatures. The findings indicated that both fields are burdened by a small number of publications that are largely unrelated to one another. Developed countries have viewed this topic as a secondary goal of PPI policy, which develops organically during this policy - most likely because suppliers' capability building is not their primary objective in comparison to the growth of innovation. Developing countries, on the other hand, require purposeful targeting of this objective in order to leverage public procurement.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Public Procurement of Innovation (PPI)
  • Suppliers'
  • capability-building
  • scientometrics
  • Demand-side innovation policy
محسنی کیاسری، مصطفی، محمدی، مهدی، جعفرنژاد، احمد، مختارزاده، نیما و اسدی‌فرد، رضا (1396). «دسته‌بندی ابزارهای سیاست نوآوری تقاضامحور با استفاده از رویکرد فراترکیب». مدیریت نوآوری، دورهٔ ۶، شمارهٔ ۲، ص 109-138.
رضوی، محمدرضا، دانش کهن، حسین و بوشهری، علیرضا (1398). «چارچوب شناسایی و تحلیل عوامل مؤثر در تدوین سیاست تدارکات عمومی برای نوآوری و فناوری ایران»، فصلنامهٔ سیاست علم و فناوری، سال یازدهم، شمارهٔ 4، ص ۶۳-۷۵.
ملکی، علی و یزدی، نجم‌الدین (1396). بازتعریف سیاستهای خرید دولتی به‌منظور ارتقای یادگیری و نوآوری. اولین کنفرانس حکمرانی و سیاست‌گذاری عمومی، تهران.
Bell, M., and Figueiredo, P.N., (2012), ‘Building innovative capabilities in latecomer emerging market firms: some key issues’, Innovative firms in emerging market countries, pp. 24–109.
Caravella, S., and Crespi, F. (2021). “The role of public procurement as innovation lever: Evidence from Italian manufacturing firms”. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 30, pp. 663–684.
Cohen, W. M., and Levinthal, D. A. (1989). “Innovation and learning: the two faces of R and D”. The economic journal99(397), p. 569-596.‌
Commission, E. (2016). Publ Cohen, W. M., and Levinthal, D. A. (1989). “Innovation and learning: the two faces of R and D”. The economic journal99(397), pp. 569-596.‌
Czarnitzki, D., Hünermund, P., and Moshgbar, N. (2020). “Public procurement of innovation: evidence from a German legislative reform”. International Journal of Industrial Organization71, pp. 102620.‌
Dai, X., Li, Y., and Chen, K. (2021). “Direct demand-pull and indirect certification effects of public procurement for innovation”. Technovation101, pp. 102198.‌
Dale-Clough, L. (2015). Public procurement of innovation: towards a theory of adoption and implementation by local authorities (Doctoral dissertation, University of Birmingham).‌
De Negri, F., and Rauen, A. T. (2018). Innovation policies in Brazil during the 2000s: the need for new paths (No. 235). Discussion Paper.‌
Edler, J. )2016(. Local Needs, Global Challenges: The Meaning of Demand-Side Policies for Innovation and Development, in: The Global Innovation Index (GII) 2016. pp. 97–102.
Edler, J., and Georghiou, L. (2007). “Public procurement and innovation—Resurrecting the demand side”. Research policy36(7), pp. 949-963.‌
Edler, J., Georghiou, L., Blind, K., and Uyarra, E. (2012). “Evaluating the demand side: New challenges for evaluation”. Research Evaluation21(1), pp. 33-47.‌
Edler, J., and James, A. D. (2015). “Understanding the emergence of new science and technology policies: Policy entrepreneurship, agenda setting and the development of the European Framework Programme”. Research Policy44(6), pp. 1252-1265.‌
Edler, J., and Yeow, J. (2016). “Connecting demand and supply: The role of intermediation in public procurement of innovation”. Research Policy45(2), pp. 414-426.‌
Edquist, C. (2011). “Design of innovation policy through diagnostic analysis: identification of systemic problems (or failures)”. Industrial and corporate change20(6), pp. 1725-1753.‌
Edquist, C., Vonortas, N.S., Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J.M., and Edler, J. (2015). Public procurement for innovation. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781783471898
Edquist, C., and Zabala‐Iturriagagoitia, J. M. (2015). “Pre‐commercial procurement: a demand or supply policy instrument in relation to innovation?”. R&D Management45(2), pp. 147-160.‌
Fernández-Sastre, J., and Montalvo-Quizhpi, F. (2019). “The effect of developing countries' innovation policies on firms' decisions to invest in R&D”. Technological Forecasting and Social Change143, p. 214-223.‌
Goñi, E., and Maloney, W. F. (2017). “Why don’t poor countries do R&D? Varying rates of factor returns across the development process”. European Economic Review94, pp.126-147.‌
Hansen, U. E., Larsen, T. H., Bhasin, S., Burgers, R., & Larsen, H. (2020). "Innovation capability building in subsidiaries of multinational companies in emerging economies: Insights from the wind turbine industry". Journal of Cleaner Production, 244, 118746.
Hausmann, R., and Rodrik, D. (2003). “Economic development as self-discovery”. Journal of development Economics72(2), pp. 603-633.‌
Helfat, C. E., and Peteraf, M. A. (2003). “The dynamic resource‐based view: Capability lifecycles”. Strategic management journal24(10), pp. 997-1010.‌
I Iddris, F., Awuah, G. B., and Gebrekidans, D. A. (2016). “Achieving supply chain agility through innovation capability building”. International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience2(2), pp. 114-143.‌
Izsak, K., and Edler, J. (2011). Trends and Challenges in Demand-Side Innovation Policies in Europe. Thematic Report 2011 under Specific Contract for the Integration of INNO Policy TrendChart with ERAWATCH (2011-2012).‌
Khalil, G. M., and Crawford, C. A. G. (2015). “A bibliometric analysis of US-based research on the behavioral risk factor surveillance system”. American journal of preventive medicine48(1), pp. 50-57.‌
Kiamehr, M., Hobday, M., and Kermanshah, A. (2014). “Latecomer systems integration capability in complex capital goods: the case of Iran’s electricity generation systems”. Industrial and corporate change23(3), p. 689-716.‌
Lee, K. (2013). “Capability failure and industrial policy to move beyond the middle-income trap: from trade-based to technology-based specialization” In The industrial policy revolution I (pp. 244-272). Palgrave Macmillan, London.‌
Lee, K., and Malerba, F. (2018). “Economic catch-up by latecomers as an evolutionary process. Modern evolutionary economics”. An overview, pp. 172-207. doi:10.1017/9781108661928.006
Lember, V., Kattel, R., and Kalvet, T. (Eds.). (2013). Public procurement, innovation and policy: International perspectives. Springer Science and Business Media.‌
Li, Y., Ribeiro, C. G., Rauen, A. T., and Júnior, E. I. (2020). “Buying to develop: the experience of Brazil and China in using public procurement to drive innovation”. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management17(03), pp. 2050021.‌
Link, A. N., and Scott, J. T. (2019). “The economic benefits of technology transfer from US federal laboratories”. The Journal of Technology Transfer44(5), pp. 1416-1426.‌
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S. (2016). Innovation and industrial evolution. Innovation and the Evolution of Industries: History-Friendly Models. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Maleki, A., and Yazdi, N. (2017). Redefining government procurement policies to promote learning and innovation. The first conference on governance and public policy, Tehran. {In Persian}
Mohseni Kiasari, M., Mohammadi, M., Jafarnejad, A., Garousi Mokhtarzadeh, N., Asadifard, R. (2017). “Classification of Demand-based Innovation Policy Tools Using Meta-synthesis Approach”. Innovation Management Journal, 6(2), pp. 109-138. {In Persian}
Obwegeser, N., and Müller, S. D. (2018). “Innovation and public procurement: Terminology, concepts, and applications”. Technovation74, pp. 1-17.‌
OECD (2017). Public procurement for Innovation: Good practices and strategies, OECD public governance reviews. OECD Publishing, Paris.
Peñate-Valentín, M. C., del Carmen Sánchez-Carreira, M., and Pereira, Á. (2021). “The promotion of innovative service business models through public procurement. An analysis of Energy Service Companies in Spain”. Sustainable Production and Consumption27, pp. 1857-1868.‌
Razavi, M., Daneshkohan, H., and Boushehri, A. (2019). “A Framework for Effective Factors of Designing Public Procurement Policy for Innovation and Technology Development in Iran”. Journal of Science and Technology Policy, 12(4), pp. 63-75. {In Persian}
Ribeiro, C.G., and Furtado, A.T. (2015). Public procurement for innovation in developing countries: the case of Petrobras, in: Public Procurement for Innovation. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Rodrik, D. (2008). One economics, many recipes: globalization, institutions, and economic growth. Princeton University Press.
Rodrik, D. (2004). “Industrial policy for the twenty-first century”. Available at SSRN 666808.‌
Rolfstam, M. (2009). “Public procurement as an innovation policy tool: the role of institutions”. Science and public policy36(5), pp. 349-360.‌
Rolfstam, M., Phillips, W., and Bakker, E. (2009). “Public Procurement of Innovation Diffusion: Exploring the Role of Institutions and Institutional Coordination”. Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), working paper, WP7, 2009.‌
Rolfstam, M. (2013). Public Procurement and Innovation: The Role of Institutions. Aalborg University, Dept of Business and Management, Aalborg, Denmark.
Rosell, D. T., Lakemond, N., Dabhilkar, M., and Bengtsson, L. (2011). “Purchasing Capabilities for Supplier Innovation in New Product Development”. In 18th International Product Development Management Conference (IPDMC), Delft, the Netherlands, 5-7 June, 2011.‌
Rush, H., Bessant, J., and Hobday, M. (2007). “Assessing the technological capabilities of firms: developing a policy tool”. R&d Management37(3), pp. 221-236.‌
Sánchez-Carreira, M. D. C., Peñate-Valentín, M. C., and Varela-Vázquez, P. (2019). “Public procurement of innovation and regional development in peripheral areas”. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research32(1), pp. 119-147.‌
Sawang, S., Zhou, Y., and Yang, X. (2017). “Does institutional context matter in building innovation capability?”. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development9(2), p. 153-168.‌
Stojčić, N., Srhoj, S., and Coad, A. (2020). “Innovation procurement as capability-building: Evaluating innovation policies in eight Central and Eastern European countries”. European Economic Review121, p. 103330
Teece, D.J. (2012). “Dynamic capabilities: Routines versus entrepreneurial action”. Journal of management studies. 49, pp. 1395–1401.
Teece, D.J., Pisano, G., and Shuen, A. (1997). “Dynamic capabilities and strategic management”. Strat. Mgmt. J.. 18, pp. 509–533.
Thomas, S. (2015). Buying innovation in complex public service settings: the example of service improvement in education. The University of Manchester.
T Torres-Pruñonosa, J., Plaza-Navas, M. A., Díez-Martín, F., and Beltran-Cangrós, A. (2021). “The Intellectual Structure of Social and Sustainable Public Procurement Research: A Co-Citation Analysis”. Sustainability13(2), pp. 774.‌
Uyarra, E. (2016). “The impact of public procurement of innovation”. Handbook of innovation policy impact. Edward Elgar Publishing.‌ pp. 355–587.
Uyarra, E., and Flanagan, K. (2010). “Understanding the innovation impacts of public procurement”. European planning studies18(1), p. 123-143.‌. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654310903343567
Uyarra, E., Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. M., Flanagan, K., and Magro, E. (2020). “Public procurement, innovation and industrial policy: Rationales, roles, capabilities and implementation”. Research Policy49(1), pp. 103844.‌
Van Eck, N.J., and Waltman, L. (2019). “Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping”. scientometrics, 84, pp. 523–538.
Viotti, E. B. (2002). “National learning systems: a new approach on technological change in late industrializing economies and evidences from the cases of Brazil and South Korea”. Technological Forecasting and Social Change69(7), pp. 653-680.‌
Caravella, S., and Crespi, F. (2021). “The role of public procurement as innovation lever: evidence from Italian manufacturing firms”. Economics of Innovation and New Technology30(7), pp. 663-684.‏