عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran's oil refineries are in the throes of competitiveness, and their main option is technological renewal, and in this regard, the first step in determining technological requirements. The focus of refining industry reforms has been to increase gasoline production in the past, while the country's gasoline production will be soon double the consumption. This paper proposes solutions for the renewal of Iran's oil refining industry, considering technological transformation at the energy industry.
Accordingly, the two main axes of renewal of the Iranian oil refining industry include "reduction of refinery residues and their conversion into distillation products" and "reduction sulfur level of refinery residue."
As a result, cost-effective upgrading technologies (slurry-bed hydrocracking) with delayed coking will be the main option for the refining industry. Due to the unavailability of slurry-bed hydrocracking technologies, this solution can be implemented by combining both delayed coking and fixed bed hydrocracking (ISOMAX) technologies at the Iranian Oil Refineries. Therefore, the simultaneous use of delayed coking and fixed bed hydrocracking (ISOMAX) technologies is considered as a suitable and applicable combination for residue upgrading.