Structural analysis the effect of Perception of Organizational Politics on employees, Job Engagement with the mediating role of organizational silence & voice (Studied at: Khuzestan Steel Company)

Document Type : Original research


Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Department of Management


Today, in addition to having a skilled and capable manpower, organizations need an eager manpower and interested in work. Job engagement in employees has long been regarded by many researchers in behavioral science and attempts to identify its antecedents have been studied. One of these factors is the perception of organizational politics. Although some studies have shown that perceived organizational politics has a negative effect on job engagement, but the potential capacity of the two variables; organizational silence and voice as a mediator can play an important role in this effect. In this regard, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of Perceived Organizational Politics on job engagement with emphasis on mediating role of organizational silence and voice. This study was conducted on a random sample of 367 employees of Khuzestan Steel Company. The research method is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlation in terms of data collection. Data were collected by standard questionnaires with validity and reliability and analyzed using structural equation modeling with Smart PLS software. The results of testing the research hypotheses showed that perception of organizational politics both directly (with path coefficient of -0.195 and t-statistic, 3.357) and indirectly -with respect to the mediating role of organizational silence and voice- (with path coefficients of 0.025, -0.037 and t-statistic, 0.635, 0.96) has a significant effect on job engagement, respectively. The results of the data analysis showed that increasing the perception of organizational politics leads to increasing organizational silence and reducing organizational voice of employees, and thus affects and weakened their job engagement, and vice versa. In this regard, some approaches and frameworks have been proposed as practical recommendations to explain and prescribe policy-making, and limitations and research suggestions have been presented.


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