Developing a Roadmap for Using IT Capabilities Regard to Implementation of Strategy

Document Type : Review article


1 PhD. Student, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus- of Tehran University, Qom, Iran.

2 Assistant professor, Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus-Tehran University, Qom, Iran

3 Assistant professor, Management and Accounting, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran

4 Professor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


One of the important challenges for organizations is that many strategic plans are not implemented successfully. By providing the required instrumental and information platform at the various levels of the organization and among top and strategic managers, IT capabilities enable the organization to implement their strategies effectively. The present paper, which is the result of a scientific research, is conducted with the aim of investigating IT capabilities and developing a  roadmap for using these capabilities in effective implementation of the strategy. This article is a result of a part of a large-scale qualitative research that is based on an analytical and descriptive approach and according to the profound and  systematic study of theoretical literature, all components and processes of developing IT capabilities regard to  implementation of strategy are examined in a comprehensive and integrated manner and finally, in a structured way, it  develops an operational roadmap for using IT capabilities regard to implementation of strategy. In this regard, the IT capabilities related to strategy implementation were identified in five areas of IT infrastructure capabilities, IT technical and skill capabilities, IT strategic capabilities, IT communication capabilities, and IT management capabilities. Then, based on the key requirements of IT capabilitybased strategies, a roadmap (including 4 steps) is developed for using IT capabilities regard to effective implementation of the strategy, which includes identifying organizational strategies, identifying business  processes, identifying and developing IT capabilities, and identifying IT tools related to strategy implementation. It should be noted that the framework presented in the form of a practical model will lead to the removal and reduction of barriers to the implementation of strategy in the organization and the strategic superiority of strategic and executive managers.


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