Introduction the global rankings of universities and review criteria of this system



In recent years, university ranking is one issue that is increasingly being discussed in higher education and  scientometrics literature. The main purpose of this paper is to introduce, compare and analyze the nine indicators of university ranking systems and higher education institutions (SHANGHI, QS, THES, HEEACT, Webometrics, Leiden,Newsweek and Regional Ranking of the Islamic world(ISC). To compare these ranking systems, their results in various years as well as the existing literature have been studied. that the result is that the criteria used in ranking systems of QS, THES, Webometrics are student-centered while the rankings of Shanghai, Leiden and HEEACT are more based on research. There is much similarity between the rankings ompared with the limited scope of the global surface area is greater similarity between the data.