This paper argues that socio-technical system perspective in industrial and technical fields such as "hydrocarbon reservoir management" can contribute to the successful transitions and their management. It reviews Multi level perspective (MLP) which builds on the work of Dutch researchers on transitions using a multi-level framework of niches, socio-technical regime and landscape, and then describes challenges for Petroleum industry of Iran in each level. There is a potential for misalignment between micro, medium and macro level of change management in this field. This misalignment doesn't resolves without whole and systemic perspective. MLP through combing these levels can provide useful inputs to upstream oil industry transition research and management.