Guide for Authors

Guide for Authors
The journal's scope, as well as the accepted language and types of scholarly publications, are detailed on the About Journal page.
Exact compliance with the following guide is suggested but not necessary when drafting a manuscript for submission to the peer review process; However, compliance with this guide is needed after a manuscript is accepted for publication. Additionally, all authors must complete and sign the form "ethical commitment, conflict of interest, and authors' roles" prior to the publication. After acceptance, papers whose authors do not adhere to these standards will be withdrawn from the journal's publication list. Any subsequent re-submission of such articles will necessitate payment of additional re-handling fees associated with the manuscript.

1. General Rules

  • The article should not have been previously published (except translation).
  • The article should not be submitted to any other publications or conferences concurrently.
  • The entire paper should be typed on A4 paper.
  • Typically, articles published are between 10 and 25 pages in length. However, while shorter works such as a note or policy brief may contain fewer pages, longer works such as translation and report may contain up to 50 pages.
  • Set the page margins as follows: upward and downward: two and a half centimeters - left and right: two and a half millimeters.
  • Use a single column and single-spaced lines.

2. Sections

  • The title, abstract, and keywords are included on the first page.
  • The second page provides the first page's Persian translation (optional).
  • Introduction, theoretical foundations, methodology, data analysis and research findings, conclusions, and bibliographies are included on the third page (the headings can differ from this list).
  • The authors' names and affiliations should not be included in the manuscript, including the first page; instead, submit the manuscript anonymously.

3. Authors' names and order of appearance

  • The authors' full names should be included in the Title Page file and supplied in the order that they appear in the form of "ethical commitment, conflict of interest, and authors' roles."
  • The corresponding author's information should be as thorough and accurate as possible.
  • Titles such as Dr., Prof. etc. should be avoided.

4. Instructions for editing

The following font style and size should be used throughout the manuscript:

4.1 Title

The article's title should be succinct, drawn from the content, and not more than 15 words long

At the top of the abstract page, the article's title should be mentioned.

In the title, avoid abbreviations.

4.2 Abstracts in Persian and English

The research topic, aims, method, and outcomes should all be succinctly and expressively expressed in the abstract.

There should be 80 to 300 words in the abstract.

The abstract should only have one paragraph and be standalone.

The abstract should not include references. The Persian abstract must exactly match the English abstract.

4.3 Keywords

Choose 3 to 7 words as your keywords.

Use commas to separate keywords (,).

It is preferable to use words that are unique from the paper title and abstract.

4.4 Title numbering

The article's main title and subheadings should both be numbered, with the main title's number appearing first and the subheadings' numbers appearing from the left side (for example, 2- 3- Iran's strategy).

4.5 Introduction

This section should include an introduction to the topic being studied, a discussion of why it is necessary to conduct the study, a reference to prior researches, and a clear statement of the research's aim.

4.6. Method

The research methodology, which includes the research design, paradigm, approach, method, sampling method, data collection method, data sources, and statistical analysis or data analysis method, should be presented in this section.

4.7. Results and discussion

In this section, the research's findings are provided.

The data in tables and figures should be presented in a way that allows readers to understand the topic without having to turn to the text. Tables and figures must, however, be cited in the text at least once.

Unspecific and unsupported conclusions should be avoided and results and findings should be discussed in detail.

Comparisons between the research findings and those of other researchers and published sources should be made.

4.8. Figure and diagram

The title of the figure and diagram is placed below it in the center of the content and starts with the word figure or diagram, its number and a dash (e.x., Figure 4- ).

Diagrams and figures must be created in such a way that their colors and details can be seen in black and white printing whether they are provided in color or black and white.

Where they are cited in the text, figures and diagrams should be included.

In diagrams and figures, the unit of amounts must always be stated.

After each diagram and figure, add a blank line.

4.9. Table

Tables shouldn't be set up with vertical lines.

The title of the table is placed above it and starts with the word Table, its number and a dash (e.x., Table 4- ).

Persian articles’ table and all of its material must be written in Persian.

You can utilize abbreviations inside tables to communicate extra explanations; by further explaining them below the table, you can provide the reader the information they need.

4.10. Conclusion

After the article's main text, there must be a conclusion section.

In one to two paragraphs, the article's overall conclusion should be delivered.

This section ought to stand alone and summarize the most significant findings without referencing other parts of the article.

4.11. Acknowledgements

The funders and intellectual supporters should be appreciated in this section.

If private or governmental entities assisted in the acquisition of information and data, it should be disclosed and acknowledged in this section.

The sponsor of the grant should be recognized if funding from research grants was used to carry out the study.

4.12. References

Persian references should also be introduced in English and designated with the term "In Persian" at the References section in order to track citations in international indexes. For Persian articles, when writing the names of the authors, the title of the article, the journal name, and other details, it is required to use exact information from the English version of the cited journal's website rather than from indexing websites like,,, or Google Scholar. The original website of the publisher serves as the basis for English citations to books and other Persian references.

Use the APA style when referencing sources. Additionally, any Persian sources in the text must be written in English.

In-text references must use the author's last name and the year they were published (this is known as the Harvard format), and sequential numbering of references (i.e., IEEE format) is not permitted.

At least two citations to the most pertinent papers from prior issues of the journal are required in order to sustain the research lines that future scholars will need. When submitting an article, it is sufficient to mention the problem in a letter to the editor when there are no citable articles in the prior issues of this journal.

The reference list must include all reference types used, including books, periodicals, and conferences.

4.13. Proofreading

After acceptance, the articles must be proofread in accordance with the journal’s proofread rules within the allotted time frame; failing to do so in time will postpone the publication to future issues or in worst cases, the acceptance will be revoked.